THEBOEGIS: Healthy Eyes
Showing posts with label Healthy Eyes. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Healthy Eyes. Show all posts

Wednesday, November 6, 2019

7 Safe Rules for Using Contact Lenses for those of you who have dry eyes

7 Safe Rules for Using Contact Lenses for those of you who have dry eyes
Many people with dry eyes avoid contact lenses (contact lenses). It feels awry, if you don't wear contact lenses then vision will blur, but if you wear contact lenses worry about pain, itching, until redness of the eyes will get worse. So, is there an appropriate solution if you want to keep using contact lenses for dry eyes?

A safe guide to using contact lenses for dry eyes
Dry eyes occur when the production of tears, which are supposed to work to moisturize all parts of the eye, instead do not function optimally. For those of you who have this condition, you might feel doubt when you want to wear contact lenses.

Indeed, improper way of using and maintaining contact lenses can actually make dry eyes worse. In fact, it can increase the risk of infection, making you uncomfortable.

However, Alisha Fleming, OD, an eye specialist at Penn Medicine in the United States, said that you can still use contact lenses for dry eyes. Provided, want to apply the safe rules, including:

1. Make sure your hands are clean before using contact lenses

Make sure your hands are clean before using contact lenses
This rule must actually be applied by all contact lens users. Because, directly holding and wearing contact lenses without washing your hands first can risk moving pathogens that cause infection from the fingers to contact lenses, then end up in your eyes.

The key, make it a habit to always wash your hands with soap then rinse with running water until clean. Then dry the whole hand before you use contact lenses.

2. Remove contact lenses before going to bed

Remove contact lenses before going to bed
Sleeping habits still wearing contact lenses can damage the production of natural tears that should lubricate all parts of the eye. As a result, your dry eyes will feel worse.

Not only that, Nicky Lai, OD, an eye health specialist at The Ohio State University, explains that often forgetting to remove contact lenses when going to sleep can harm the cornea which is the outermost protective layer.

The reason is because the amount of oxygen that enters the eye during sleep is not as much compared to when the eyes are open.

3. Use disposable contact lenses

Use disposable contact lenses
There are two common types of contact lenses on the market, which can be used for several months and disposable contact lenses. Well, contact lenses for dry eyes are most recommended are those that should not be used for a long time. It would be better if you choose disposable contact lenses.

Why? Because contact lenses have been used for a long time there is a lot of dirt that has accumulated in it, making it difficult for tears to spread evenly to all areas of your eyes, revealed by Vivian Shibayama, OD, an ophthalmologist at UCLA Health, California.

4. Clean the contact lens container each time you use it

Clean the contact lens container each time you use it
It's not only the contact lenses that you have to keep clean, but also the contact lens storage container. Do this regularly every time you use contact lenses, or even every day to ensure cleanliness.

The rule is that after contacting the contact lens to the eye, the contact lens container must be rinsed using a soft contact solution or liquid. Then let it dry or wipe with clean tissue. All of these steps can reduce the possibility of inflammation and infection causing eye problems.

5. Use eye drops as often as possible

Use eye drops as often as possible
Eye drops are one of the things that must be owned by people with dry eyes. The production of tears that are not able to lubricate the eyes properly, can be further helped by the presence of artificial tears from eye drops.

Tears have an important role as a protective eye from germs while maintaining overall eye health. That is why, an insufficient amount of tears in patients with dry eyes not only create discomfort, but will also increase the risk of infection.

6. Avoid wearing contact lenses for a long time

Avoid wearing contact lenses for a long time
Contact lenses are not designed to be used for a long time, especially for a full day. Ideally, normal eyes can use contact lenses for a maximum of 10 hours a day. But if you have dry eyes, then automatically the contact lens wear time will be shorter.

Dr. Shibayama also added this, according to him, it is better to give room for the eyes to breathe freely for several hours a day. That is, set aside some of your time in a day without using contact lenses. The goal is to allow the eye to get enough oxygen and nutrients from the water that is produced naturally by the eye, without having to be blocked by contact lenses.

7. Routinely see an eye doctor


7. Routinely see an eye doctor
Adhere to the eye doctor's schedule, even if your dry eye symptoms have started to improve. Especially for you contact lens wearers, doctors will usually check the entire eye as well as prescribe new eye drops according to eye conditions. You can also consult about complaints that may have been experienced during the use of contact lenses for dry eyes.

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

What Happens Before, During and After Cataract Surgery?

What Happens Before, During and After Cataract Surgery?
It's hard to deny that age is one of the causes of all health problems. One problem that often arises with age is cataracts. Unfortunately, cataracts do not work just by taking medication. Like it or not, surgery must be taken to restore the condition of the eye back to normal. So, what is the order of cataract surgery procedures?

Stages of cataract surgery procedure

Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that does not take long to do. It would be nice if you understood clearly the sequence of cataract surgery procedures before carrying out it.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Choose Treatment for Irritating Yellow Eyes

Normally, apart from the cornea which is usually black or brown, the rest of the eye will be white. However, if your eyes suddenly turn yellow, you should be suspicious. This could be a sign of a certain health problem. Then what makes the eyes turn yellow? How to cure yellow eyes?

Causes of yellow eyes

Saturday, November 2, 2019

5 Tips to Prevent Itchy Eyes at Night, So you sleep more soundly

Experiencing itchy eyes at night can make sleep disturbed and not restful. If left unchecked, this condition can reduce your productivity because of the drowsiness that interfere with lack of sleep . If you often feel itching in the eyes at night, consider the following ways to prevent it.

Prevents itchy eyes at night

Thursday, October 31, 2019

4 Advanced Tips for Maintaining Eye Health for Millennials (Ages 20-30s)

All bodily functions will generally weaken with age, including the function of the sense of sight. Generally, the eyes will begin to be less alert when we reach the age of mid 20 years to 30s. However, no need to worry! You actually can, really, while maintaining eye health at this age.

Tips for maintaining eye health in their 20s and 30s
The eye is one of the organs of the body that you must maintain its function properly. Therefore, there is no need to wait until entering old age to start maintaining eye health. The sooner you start to maintain your vision function, the sooner the benefits you get.

Here are some things that you can apply from now on for awake eyesight until old age.

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Getting to know glaucoma implants, the latest treatment for glaucoma

Glaucoma is a visual impairment that can cause blindness. To prevent blindness, there are several treatment methods that can be done, one of which is glaucoma implants. So, how is this procedure done?

Glaucoma implants, alternatives to overcome difficult cases of glaucoma
Based on data compiled by the Ministry of Health Riskesdas (KEMENKES RI) in 2007, the number of patients with glaucoma reached up to 4.6 per 1,000 population.

The disease that attacks vision is caused by an increase in pressure on the eyeball. This happens because of the accumulation of fluid in the eye, which leads to nerve damage to the eye.

This damage is permanent, so glaucoma can not be cured completely and ends in blindness.

Although glaucoma cannot be cured, the cause of this condition can be controlled so that it can  reduce the risk of blindness . Glaucoma can generally be overcome only by using drugs if the condition is not severe.

However, if various types of glaucoma treatment fail to improve the patient's condition, the doctor will recommend surgery. One operation that can be done is glaucoma implant surgery.

Glaucoma implants, also called glaucoma drainage devices, are used to block or even stop the progression of glaucoma. This effort was made so that the patient's condition did not lead to blindness.

Glaucoma implants are considered as the last treatment option if various other types of treatment fail to reduce intraocular pressure, which is the main cause of glaucoma.

Monday, October 28, 2019

What Needs to Be Done After Glaucoma Implant Installation?

Glaucoma implants are an alternative treatment for glaucoma patients in the chronic phase or commonly referred to as refractory glaucoma / difficult cases of glaucoma. When deciding to use the implant, what are the treatments that need to be taken so that the glaucoma implant remains good?

Reasons to choose implants, one method of glaucoma treatment
Before knowing how to treat after implant placement, it helps you know the reasons for using implants compared to other glaucoma treatments.

Based on the Mayo Clinic page  , the method of treating glaucoma patients actually consists of various types. These methods include drugs, lasers, trabeculectomy operations, to implant placement.

Among them, implants should be chosen as the ultimate solution when other methods fail to treat glaucoma patients.

Dr. dr. Virna Dwi Oktariana, SpM (K) who was met in an exclusive interview at the launch of the Virna Glaucoma Implant product in the Salemba area, Central Jakarta (26/6) explained the purpose of installing glaucoma implants.

Primarily, implant placement is expected to reduce eye pressure in glaucoma sufferers .

This installation can also have an impact on other treatments performed by glaucoma patients. For example, patients who have previously used drugs, say as many as 5 types of drugs, can reduce their consumption of the drug or even get rid of it altogether.

That is why, implants are the right alternative to overcome difficult cases of glaucoma.

7 Myths of Red-Eye Due to Conjunctivitis that Need to be Straightened

There are many myths when someone experiences problems with red eyes. Red eye is actually a medical condition called conjunctivitis. Reporting from the National Eye Institute,  this condition occurs when the conjunctiva is inflamed. To correct various myths related to red eye due to conjunctivitis, consider the following review.

Myths about red eye due to conjunctivitis

Here are some myths about conjunctivitis or pink eye that need to be clarified:

Is it dangerous if there is a blockage in the baby's tear ducts?

In medical language, obstruction of the tear duct is called nasolacrimal duct obstruction. This condition is indeed often experienced by newborn babies, whether in one or both eyes. So, what causes blocked tear ducts in infants and how to care?

Why can tear ducts in babies get blocked?
Normally, tears play an important role in supporting a person's vision. This clear liquid will keep the eye moist, supply oxygen to the eye, remove substances that are at risk of irritating the eye, to coat the surface of the eye.

Tears produced by the tear glands, will be flowed into the tear ducts. Unfortunately, sometimes the tissue layer (membrane) in the tear duct actually closes so that it prevents the flow of tears about to enter.

As a result, the tear ducts are blocked in the baby, which then makes the tears remain welled on the surface of the eye. The most common reason why the tear ducts in the baby can get blocked, namely because the hole in the eyelid (punta) in the baby has not fully developed.

Thursday, October 24, 2019

This Is How To Recognize Eye Infection Due To Contact Lens Use

This Is How To Recognize Eye Infection Due To Contact Lens Use
Being able to see well is the most important thing for daily activities. Therefore, various attempts were made to support the ability to see, one of them by using contact lenses . Many people choose contact lenses as a viewing aid because of their relatively easy appearance and use, but inappropriate use is very risky to transmit the disease to the eye.

The use of contact lenses is done by attaching the lens surface to the front of the eye. Very close distance allows the transfer of germs from the surface of the lens to around the surface of eye fluid, the presence of germs is usually characterized by inflammation of the eye. Infection does not show serious symptoms at first but over time can cause permanent eye damage to blindness.

Contact lenses can be a major source of transmission against eye infections caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. Perception of infectious agents on the surface of the lens is caused by inappropriate use such as leaving contact lenses in contact with water, using inappropriate cleaning fluid, and not changing contact lenses regularly.

Does Reading In the Dark Make Eyes Damaged?

Reading in the dark or in low light is sure to do. When you were a child, your parents might have warned you not to force your eyes to read in the dark, because they think it will damage your eyes. However, if until now you think that the warning is only a myth, maybe you are wrong and maybe also true. When you dig a little deeper and look at some of the following scientific evidence, the myth about reading in the dark will become something more complex.

The relationship between light and eye health
The human eye is designed to be able to adjust to different light levels. If you try to read in the dark, your pupils will enlarge to take in more light through your retina lens. Cells in your retina, called stem cells and cone cells, use this light to provide information to the brain about what you see. If you are in a dark room, for example when you are just waking up, this process allows you to gradually get used to it from a pitch black to a glowing state. It looks when you turn on the light, you will feel a light that is so bright that the pupils eventually adjust.

First Aid For People With Eye Injuries

Eye injury certainly requires professional treatment, but if it is very urgent, first aid is important to prevent further injury. The most common eye injury that requires first aid is when a particle enters the eye, such as dust, wood chips, glass, metal, concrete, or other hard substances. In addition, chemical particles, steam and radiation energy can also cause injury to the eye.

A natural urge to rub the eyes will definitely emerge at the time, but don't do it occasionally if you don't want the eye injury to get worse. Rubbing the eyes causes sharp particles to damage the delicate tissue lining the inside of the eye. Here is a guide to first aid in eye injuries by American Red Cross.

Various Unique Facts About Color Blindness

Color blindness or more precisely Color Vision Deficiency (CVD) is a term to describe the lack of perception sensitivity to certain colors. Color blindness is a commonly used term, although it is misleading if interpreted literally because people who have this condition can still see colors, even though they cannot see the difference between several complementary (contrasting) color pairs.

Color vision deficiency has nothing to do with visual acuity, and this condition is most often caused by hereditary conditions. The weakness of distinguishing red and green is the most common form of color blindness, which is around 99%. Blue and yellow vision deficiencies also exist, but that is rare and no general test is available for it.

What is the most disturbing thing for people who are color blind?
The following are some of the unique things that can upset a person who is color blind:

  • When grilling a piece of meat, people with red color deficiency cannot tell whether the meat is raw or cooked. In addition, many also can not distinguish between green tomatoes and red tomatoes or between soy sauce and chocolate syrup. There are also people who buy and bite raw bananas, because they cannot tell if they are yellow or green, and even natural ingredients make it more difficult to distinguish colors.
  • Some foods may look disgusting for individuals who are color blind. For example, a plate full of spinach will be seen as cow dung.
  • However, they can distinguish oranges and lemons, because oranges appear to have a lighter yellow color compared to lemons.
  • A person who is color blind generally cannot interpret chemical testing equipment for pool water, test strips for hard water, soil, or water pH, because they depend on subtle color differences.
  • Many people who are color blind cannot guess whether a woman is wearing lipstick or not. Even more difficult, if they have to distinguish between those with blonde hair with blue eyes and those with red hair and with green eyes.
  • Lack of vision in color can also interfere with children who are affected at a young time. At school, he would have trouble picking up blue crayons to color the sea.
  • They will also be confused to see bi-color and tri-color on the LED (Light Emitting Diodes), are the lights flashing red, yellow, or green? The same problem also occurs with traffic lights.

Various types of color blindness

1. Red-green color blindness
The most common type of this condition is caused by the loss of photopigments cone red (Protan) or green cone (deutran).
Types of red-green color blindness:

  • Protanomaly : The colors red, orange, and yellow turn greenish and the colors are not too bright.
  • Protanopia : The red color will be black. While the colors orange, yellow, and green, all will appear to be yellow.
  • Deuteranomaly : Yellow and green will look more reddish, and it is difficult to distinguish violet and blue.
  • Deuteranopia : The red color will be brownish yellow and green to beige.

2. Blue-yellow color blindness
This condition is less common than red-green. This is usually caused by a loss photopigments cone blue (Tritan). 
Types of blue-yellow color blindness:

  • Tritanomaly : The color blue will become green and it is difficult to distinguish yellow and red from pink.
  • Tritanopia : The blue color will appear green, while the yellow color will appear to be violet or light gray.

3. Total color blindness
People with total color blindness (monochromacy) cannot see colors at all and their visual acuity may have an effect.
Types of Monochromacy:

  • Cone monochromacy : People with monochromacy will have difficulty distinguishing colors, because the brain needs to compare signals from different types of cones  (red, green, and blue) to see colors. When there is only one cone that works, this comparison is not possible. People with blue cone monochromacy may also have poor visual acuity, nearsightedness, and uncontrolled eye movements (nystagmus). Cone monochromacy is an autosomal recessive disorder.
  • Rod monochromacy or achromatopsia : This is a rare type of monochromacy and is the most severe form of color blindness. This is usually present from birth. None of the cone cells have functional photopigments . People with this level of monochromacy see the world in black, white, and gray. People with rod monochromacy tend to be photophobic, very uncomfortable in bright environments. Rod monochromacy is an autosomal recessive disorder.

Other facts
Another rare form of CVD is unilateral dichromacy which affects people by having one normal eye and one color blind eye. For every color blind disease, there is no treatment to treat this condition, but that does not mean people who have color blindness have a significant disability. At one time, the US army found that people with color blindness could see color camouflage where people with normal color vision could be fooled by it. In fact, a decrease in color signal can make textural and brightness differences clearer.

This is the cause of infants suffering from cataracts from birth

During this time you might think that cataracts only occur in people who are old. However, it turns out that newborns can also suffer from cataracts. A baby's black eye lens is covered with grayish stains and this is called a congenital cataract. In some cases it may not have much impact on the baby's vision, but in severe cases it can cause blindness in the baby.

What is congenital cataract?
Congenital cataract is the opacification of the lens of the eye that occurs from birth. These eye lenses function to focus the light entering the eye toward the retina, so that the eye can capture images clearly. However, if a cataract occurs, the light rays that enter the eye become scattered when passing through a cloudy lens, so the images received by the eye become blurred and distorted.

Watching TV Too Much Turns Out Not to Damage Children's Eyes

When you were a child, your parents might be busy advising you - or staring, if you're still stubborn - not to watch TV too closely, because otherwise your eyes will be damaged. This advice sticks tightly in your mind to adulthood and now, as a parent, you are the 'on duty' to warn your children not to sit too close to the television screen.

Monday, October 14, 2019

Here's How To Wear and Take Care of Contact Lenses So That The Eyes Are Not Irritated

Contact lenses are a popular choice to help your vision problems. Or sometimes, contact lenses can also be used only for fashion. However, be careful, if you do not treat your contact lenses properly, then your eyes will be the victims too. Here are tips so that you avoid infection due to contact lens wear

The type of contact lens you use determines how you treat the contact lens. For example, disposable contact lenses require easier maintenance than conventional contact lenses. To avoid complications in your eyes, you must strictly follow the guidelines given by eye experts. If you have difficulty cleaning your contact lenses, tell your eye specialist. Maybe they will help you ease the steps needed, or you might even be advised to change the type of contact lens you wear.

There are 12 Eye Conditions that Overcome Eye Drops

There are 12 Eye Conditions that Overcome Eye Drops
Eye drops are a liquid that is used for various eye conditions, such as red eye and after eye surgery. Eye drops usually contain saline as a basic ingredient. Depending on the intended use, eye drops can also contain artificial tear lubricants, or anti-redness substances, as well as medications. There are eye drops that can be purchased at stalls, there are some that are prescribed by doctors, and there are some that are only used by eye specialists.

When do eye drops be needed?
Eye drops are usually used for the following conditions:

1. Cataract surgery
Lens removal surgery and replacement with artificial lenses require eye drops. Before surgery, eye drops are used to prevent infection, make pupils bigger, and numb in the eye area. After surgery, eye drops can reduce the risk of infection and help cure.

2. Conjunctivitis (infectious eye disease)
Conjunctivitis is an infection or irritation of the conjunctiva (a thin and clear membrane on the inside of the eyelid that covers the whites of the eye). The cause is a bacterial or viral infection, environmental irritation, and allergies. In addition, conjunctivitis can also be caused by toxicity or allergic eye drops, or by eye drops that have been contaminated.

The symptoms that arise are itching, heat, redness, and swelling. Treatment of these conditions can be done by using antibiotic or anti-inflammatory eye drops, or by removing eye irritation.

There Are 3 Things Around Squints You Should Know

Cross strabismus is a condition where the position of the two eyes is not aligned, which causes the person's gaze to not be fixed on one object at the same time. One side of the eye can be upside down, inside, up, or down like it is distracted to look the other way. In many cases, the eyes will be turned in turn. Familiar with this condition?

Crossed eyes are caused by genetic factors
Squinting usually occurs in people who have weak eye muscle control or who have nearsightedness. In many cases, there is no exact cause for this eye condition. Crossed eyes can occur all the time or only at certain times, such as when under stress, after a lot of reading , or due to an underlying disease. Apart from daily activities, a squint of eyes that just arises in adulthood can be a sign of the beginning of a stroke .

Thursday, October 10, 2019

Is it true that the LASIK procedure causes cataracts?

Is it true that the LASIK procedure causes cataracts?
Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis or commonly known as LASIK, is a type of eye surgery that is often used to correct eye disorders such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia. The purpose of LASIK is usually to reduce your dependence on visual aids such as glasses or contact lenses . This operation, which aims to improve visual function, works by reshaping the cornea, the part that is in front of the eye and looks clear, so that light passing through the cornea can focus on the retina located at the back of the eye.

Here Are 7 Causes of Dry Eyes, and How to Overcome It

Here Are 7 Causes of Dry Eyes, and How to Overcome It
In order to work properly, the eyes depend on the flow of tears to provide constant moisture and lubricants to maintain vision and comfort. Tears are a combination of water, as a moisturizing agent; oil, lubricating agent; mucus; to even spread; and special antibodies and proteins, which fight infection. All of these components are released from special glands around the eyes.

Symptoms of dry eyes
Dry eyes occur when the eyes do not produce tears as they should, or when the supporting composition of tears is not of the right consistency and evaporates too quickly. When tears don't lubricate your eyes properly, you can experience:

  • Smarting
  • Sensitivity to light
  • The sensation of rough or gritty in the eyes
  • The sensation of heat, stinging, or itching in the eye
  • Like there are concerns in the eye
  • Reddish
  • Blurred vision
  • Eyes tired and runny
  • Mucus in or around the eyes

If left untreated, this condition will cause inflammation, pain, ulcers, or scars on the cornea. In certain cases, dry eyes cause partial vision loss. However, total vision loss as a result of dry eyes is very rare.

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