Friday, July 10, 2020

Virgin Orbit Fails on First Rocket Launch

Virgin Orbit Fails on First Rocket Launch

Richard Branson's Virgin Orbit on Monday (5/25), failed in a new rocket test by Boeing 747 and was launched over the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Southern California.

The initial launch seemed to go well until just after the rocket was released from under the left wing of the jumbo jet dubbed Cosmic Girl

"We confirm the release of the rocket from the aircraft. However, the mission was stopped immediately to the flight. Cosmic Girl and the flight crew were in a safe state and returned to base," Virgin Orbit said via an official Twitter account commenting on the launch.

There was no further notice of possible obstacles with the rocket carrying the test satellite.

Modified jumbo jets take off from Mojave Air and Space Port in the desert north of Los Angeles and glide just outside the Channel Islands, where the rocket release takes place.

The rocket should have fallen for a few seconds before the first step of the two stages was ignited and pushed it ashore towards the South Pole to load the displayed charge into low Earth orbit.

The Virgin Orbit flight aims to collect data at each step of the launch process rather than using orbiting satellites.

These efforts were carried out after five years of development of the 21.3 meter LauncherOne rocket .
Hundreds of Israeli Websites Have Been Hacked, Allegedly by Iran

Hundreds of Israeli Websites Have Been Hacked, Allegedly by Iran

In the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, cyber attacks between countries have also become more widespread (photo: illustration).

Cyber ​​or cyber attacks have taken place quickly and are getting worse around the world during these days of global uncertainty due to the corona virus. Countries accuse one another of involvement in cyber warfare, and each also claims to be a victim of cyber attacks. International organizations dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic have also been targeted.

The situation can be illustrated like a high-stakes cyber ping-pong game. Israel's National Cyber ​​Directorate announced that hundreds of Israeli websites had been hacked, possibly by Iran.

The contents of these websites have been replaced with warnings in Hebrew and English that "the countdown to the destruction of Israel has begun."

US will Launch Astronauts Again into Space

US will Launch Astronauts Again into Space

Two NASA astronauts Robert Behnken (left) and Doug Hurley pose at the Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida, Wednesday (5/20).

United States Space Agency or NASA and the Kennedy Space Center in Florida welcomed the arrival of two astronauts who are scheduled to be launched into space Wednesday (5/27) next. They are the first humans to depart from the US in the last 9 years.

NASA pilot pilots Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken arrived from Houston on a NASA jet on Wednesday (5/20). They will make history as the first astronauts to fly into space using commercial aircraft.
Japan Launches New Unit to Increase Space Defense

Japan Launches New Unit to Increase Space Defense

Japan has launched a new space defense unit on Monday (5/18) to monitor and overcome threats to its satellites.

The Space Operations Squadron, which is part of the Japanese Air Self Defense Forces, currently only has 20 members, and is expected to expand to around 100 members as soon as the unit is fully operational in 2023.

The role of the unit is mainly to monitor and protect Japanese satellites from enemy attacks or space junk, such as fragments of satellites and rockets.
Japanese Defense Minister Taro Kono (left) handed the flag of the Space Operations Squadron unit to unit head Toshihide Ashiki (right), at a launch ceremony at the Ministry of Defense in Tokyo, Japan, Monday.

The unit will also control satellite-based navigation and establish communications with other military units in the field.

The launch of the new unit took place amid growing Japanese concern about China and Russia trying to find ways to interfere in, disable and destroy satellites.

The unit will collaborate with the US Space Command formed by President Donald Trump last year, and Japan's Space Exploration Service, said Japanese Defense Minister Taro Kano.

This new unit is Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's ambition to encourage the Japanese Self-Defense Forces to enhance its international capabilities and role. He wants Japan to increase cooperation and compatibility of its weapons with the US in the face of China and North Korea which have increased military capabilities.
NASA Contracts 3 US Companies for Landing on the Moon

NASA Contracts 3 US Companies for Landing on the Moon

American national space agency, NASA, gave contracts to three American companies to make spacecraft to land humans on the moon in 2024.

In a long-distance press conference on Thursday (30/4), NASA announced it was choosing Blue Origin, Jeff Bezos's space exploration company, which also owns the Washington Post and Amazon.com newspapers; Dynetics, a research company, a subsidiary of Leidos, based in Huntsville, Alabama; and SpaceX, a company based in Hawthorne, California, owned by Elon Musk.

NASA says the three companies will compete to design and develop a system for the agency's Artemis program, which aims to land humans on the moon for the first time since the 1970s. The project will also create a system in 2028 that can be used to explore the solar system.

In a statement, NASA said the three commercial partners would improve the landing concept in the months to February 2021. The agency would evaluate which contractors would carry out the initial demonstration mission, and from that mission, NASA would determine the final lunar landers.

The Washington Post reported that both NASA and the White House still had to convince Congress to fund the program, which was projected to cost 35 billion dollars by 2024.

Sunday, June 21, 2020

Alabama High School Students Name NASA Mars Helicopters

Alabama High School Students Name NASA Mars Helicopters


Nasa'S American Space agency, named  "Ingenuity " for its revolutionary new Mars helicopter. The name was proposed by Vaneeza Rupani, Tuscaloosa County High School student in Alabama.

Rupani proposed the name and explained the motivation behind the name in the NASA essay contest  "Name the Rover. " The contest asked participants to name the helicopter and explorer Mars which will be combined when departed for the Red Planet, possibly later this year.

Last March, NASA chose the name  "Perseverance " For Mars Explorers, based on essays by students from Virginia. They returned to the essays that came in to also choose a name for the helicopter.

Rupani explained, he proposed Ingenuity because the name highlights the ability of humans to  "Do cool things like sending robots to other planets and doing science on Mars. " NASA agreed, and phoned him this week, notifying the news.

The Helicopter was designed as the first aircraft to try powered flight on another planet. If The 31-day trial trip was successful, the small helicopter would prove that powered flights could be carried out on Mars and paved the way for future aircraft.

NASA is preparing for Ingenuity and Perseverance to be launched in July or August.

Hubble Telescope, 30 Years Observe Space

Hubble Telescope, 30 Years Observe Space


Friday (4/24) marks 30 years since the Hubble Telescope, the first optical telescope in space, was sent into orbit.

Hubble was launched into orbit by boarding the shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990 and then being positioned by the shuttle crew.

The telescope, which took the name of American astronomer Edwin Hubble, was made because astronomers in the US space agency NASA wanted an observatory that was free of the Earth's atmosphere and the light produced by humans.

But the initial excitement about Hubble soon turned to disappointment when it was discovered that the Telescope's primary mirror was made incorrectly, thus obscuring hubling's optics.

Space shuttle astronauts have visited Hubble five times, from 1993 to 2009, to improve and improve the 13-meter observatory. This improvement came to fruition soon, and since then, Hubble has made more than 1.4 million significant observations and findings.

Among other things, Hubble proved the existence of a very massive black hole and found its location at the center of most galaxies. Hubble also helped determine the exact age of the universe at 13.8 billion years, by determining the current rate of expansion of the universe with a level of uncertainty of only three percent.

The Hubble replacement, the James Webb Space Telescope, was originally going to be launched in 2018, but has been delayed several times, and now will be launched as soon as 2021.

Australia will Force Google, Facebook to Pay for News Content

Australia will Force Google, Facebook to Pay for News Content


Australia says Facebook and Google will soon have to pay news media for their content.

Finance Minister Josh Frydenberg announced Monday (20/4) that the government monitoring organization, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), will launch a mandatory code of conduct next July that will discuss disparities between the news media and internet giant companies in terms of online advertising revenue. Facebook and Google accept almost all online advertisements spent in Australia.

The new rules will be enforced following 18 months of talks with US technology companies about voluntary codes of conduct failing to produce an agreement. Australia will be the third Western country to implement such a plan, following similar steps by Spain and France.

Australian media companies lost millions of advertising revenue in the last month alone due to the Corona virus pandemic.

Facebook issued a statement that the company was  "disappointed " by the government's decision, saying it had started investing millions of dollars in the Australian news industry, while Google said it would continue to work with Australian news media, the ACCC and the government, to compile a code of conduct.
Artificial Intelligence in Technology Will Increase Unemployment?

Artificial Intelligence in Technology Will Increase Unemployment?


Many people worry that increasing the use of robots in our daily lives will only increase the amount of unemployment. Many advantages possessed by robots, for example, can work without stopping, never complaining or asking for salary.

An example of using robots that have taken over thousands of human jobs is in the car industry. When we go to a modern car factory, most of the work is done by robots, from printing parts of car bodies, welding and assembling to painting cars.

All of that work was done by humans, but robots can do it more quickly and efficiently.

There are obviously workers or laborers affected by this automation. But This is not the first, and certainly not the last. Still remember the telephone system in the 1950s? When It is to call someone, the owner of the telephone at home picks up the receiver and he will be connected to the operator at the telephone office. This will connect your telephone to the telephone number requested.

Since then telephone technology has continued to advance, starting with a rotary telephone system, where users have dialed the dial on phones equipped from zero to nine. Then go one step further with the push button telephone, which greatly speeds up the connection, without the assistance of the operator, and now almost everyone has a smart phone, which is not wired and can work automatically with the owner's voice command.

That is just automation, but now more and more used what is called artificial intelligence or artificial intelligence in making robots.

Artificial intelligence is the opposite of human intelligence, meaning that humans can do things using the brain and hands. Robots equipped with artificial intelligence are computer-driven robots that have software that can analyze their environment using a number of formulas or regulations, and act when they ensure that all the rules are met.

Robots like this can also be equipped with machine learning software so that he can make decisions based on parameters or information contained in his computer.

For Many people, robots who have artificial intelligence often remind stories in science fiction where the computer or robot they command has been so advanced and can even defeat human ability.

Artificial intelligence that is currently popular is the technology used to make self-driving cars, which are cars that can drive themselves, after the user gives instructions to the computer. For example,  "Take Me to the Sarinah shop on Jalan Thamrin. " The computer in the car will check the database and find the store in question.
2 NASA Astronauts, 1 Russian Cosmonaut Return to Earth

2 NASA Astronauts, 1 Russian Cosmonaut Return to Earth


Two astronauts from the US Space Agency (NASA) and a Russian cosmonaut landed Friday in Kazakhstan after months of being on the International Space Station (ISS).

Astronauts Andrew Morgan and Jessica Meir and Russian Space Agency Cosmonaut Roscosmos Oleg Skripochka left the ISS with the Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft Friday morning (17/4).

Three hours later, the three landed with parachutes on the steppes in Kazakshtan, outside the remote town of Dzhezkazgan. After a post-landing inspection, the three were flown by helicopter to the Russian Space Center in Baikonur.

Morgan's 272-day mission began on July 20, 2019, while Meir and Skripochka left Earth on September 25 last year. 
Australian People Urged to Use the Corona Positive Tracking Application

Australian People Urged to Use the Corona Positive Tracking Application


Australians are urged to install controversial applications on cellphones that will track their movements, while a number of top state officials have warned Friday that people's lives will be confined for another year due to the corona virus outbreak.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison said downloading the smartphone software-which denounced civil liberties advocacy groups as an invasion of privacy-was initially voluntary. However, he refused to remove the possibility of requiring the use of the application called  "TraceTogether ".
'Global Hack' Looking for Solutions to Overcome Pandemic

'Global Hack' Looking for Solutions to Overcome Pandemic


The internet is the only way that allows people to work, study and share ideas online. While billions of people stay home to avoid transmission of the Corona virus,

The Internet can also present opportunities, organizers say ' Global Hack '.

' Global Hack ' is a virtual gathering of hundreds of thousands of people in 50 countries that takes place on 9-11 April. There is a prize for the initiator of the best ideas for new platforms, applications and innovations and the prize will be given on Sunday (12/4).

The event, known as the Hackathon, is usually a mass meeting of software developers and graphic designers who deal with problems in a competitive environment. With the ' Global Hack ' underway, creative teams work remotely to find solutions to problems arising from the Corona virus pandemic and future crises.

 "We are gathering people with very different skills, different competencies, " said Kai Isand, Estoni's Accelerate technology collective leader and chief organizer of the ' Global Hack ' this weekend.
Apple-Google Utilizes Mobile Phones to Track Corona Transmission

Apple-Google Utilizes Mobile Phones to Track Corona Transmission


Apple and Google launched a joint effort to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic by utilizing smart phone technology.

The new software the company plans to add to mobile phones will make it easier to use Bluetooth wireless technology to track people who might have contracted the virus from people who have the virus but are not sick, commonly called carriers.

The idea is to help the national government launch an application called  "contact tracking " that can be installed on iPhones and Android phones.

Software developers have made applications that have been used for contact tracing in countries, such as Singapore and China. Apple and Google plan to release their tools next month and state the privacy and security of users included in the design of the plan. 
Pentagon Take out Guidelines for Using the Zoom Application

Pentagon Take out Guidelines for Using the Zoom Application


The U.S. Department of Defense issued new guidelines on the use of the popular video conferencing application, Zoom, after the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) warned last week about security issues and Vo'S report on Thursday (9/4) stated that the military and government employees continued to use the application.

In an e-mail to VOA on Friday, a Pentagon spokesman said,  "Users in the Department of Defense (DOD) cannot host meetings using the Zoom application, free or commercially. "

The spokesman said the new guidelines allow the use of Zoom for Government, a special paid service held separately in the cloud that is Dayagel permitted by the Federal Risk Management Program and Authority, if a video conference on  "DOD information that can be released to the public is not categorized as ' Only for Use Official. ' "


However, it is unclear how many government employees have so far distinguished the two services.
South Africa's Cellular Health Application Gives Corona Information Access to Millions of Citizens

South Africa's Cellular Health Application Gives Corona Information Access to Millions of Citizens


The WhatsApp-based application developed by a South African organization gives millions of people access to the latest corona virus information worldwide

When the virus spread, Praekelt.org created digital tools for people in developing countries so that their health and welfare improved. One of the most successful is MomConnect, a cellular service for pregnant women to get important information about pregnancy and connect them to a number of services.

Gustav Praekelt, founder of Praekelt.org, observed something similar to the need for information about the corona virus. The South African government provides hotline numbers, but is unable to serve large numbers of calls and disinformation that spreads quickly.

"We are worried that the application users do not have access to reliable sources of information," Praekelt told VOA.

 "So people hear rumors and stories that panic and worry about what needs to be done, to keep themselves healthy, especially as regional quarantine starts to take effect. "

The WhatsApp-based COVID-19 Health Warning application is a channel that offers help with the latest data and automatic responses to common questions in various languages. In the first 10 days, the application reached 3.5 million users. The With the World Health Organization (WHO), Praekelt created a similar program to reach individuals globally.

One of its main objectives is to fight disinformation related to pandemics.
US Citizens Use 3D-Printers to Create N95 Masks

US Citizens Use 3D-Printers to Create N95 Masks


Jeremy Filko, a citizen from Virginia, United States, makes protective masks for medical workers by using a three-dimensional printing machine, or 3D Printer.

This was done voluntarily. He did not charge fees to the medical officers and the first emergency response officers who received them, even he even bore the costs of shipping.

Filko did this because the supply of N95 type masks used by medical personnel was experiencing shortages. As a result, medical personnel were forced to use the mask repeatedly. In fact, masks like that can only be used once.

Filko said 114 other people across America who owned a 3D printer had followed suit to make the mask.
US Cyber ​​Security Experts Observe Surges of Hacking Efforts by China

US Cyber ​​Security Experts Observe Surges of Hacking Efforts by China


A US cyber security company said Wednesday it had detected a surge in new cyber espionage suspected by China since the end of January, when the corona virus began to spread outside China.

FireEye Inc. In a report said it had found a surge in activity from a hacking group dubbed  "APT41 " Since January 20, 2020 which targeted more than 75 customers, from producers and several media companies to a number of non-profit and health organizations.

FireEye Security Architect, Christopher Glyer said, some  "possible explanations " for the surge in activity refer to long-standing tensions between America and China about trade, and recent disputes over the Corona virus outbreak, which has killed more than 17.000 people since the end of last year.


FireEye called it  "one of the broadest Chinese cyber espionage campaigns that has been observed in recent years. "

FireEye refused to identify customers who were victims of the hacking. The Chinese Foreign Ministry did not directly respond to Fireeyey'S allegations but in a statement said China was  "a victim of crime and cyber attacks. "

The Office of the Director of US National Intelligence declined to comment.
Recruiting Technology Volunteers for COVID-19 Opponents in Ethiopia

Recruiting Technology Volunteers for COVID-19 Opponents in Ethiopia


A software developer based in Washington DC is trying to recruit other technicians to deal with the spread of the Corona virus in his home country, Ethiopia. The move follows the footsteps of other countries such as China and South Korea who have experience in dealing with the disease that is now a global pandemic.

 "We need lots of technology volunteers to help the Ethiopian Ministry of Health collect, analyze and report to the agency so We can help them when needed, " wrote Mike Endale.

 "The better the system of data collection, analysis, reporting, the better the response and the more effective the mitigation strategy. "

Since He began recruiting on Tuesday (3/17) on social media, Endale has composed more than 500 volunteers with various expertise in software programming, project management, design and more, he said in a telephone interview Friday (3/20).

At that time, nine cases of the Corona virus that caused COVID-19, had been confirmed but no deaths were reported in the Horn of Africa country.


Poverty and armed conflict, which have displaced many people, have weakened the health safety network in Africa's second most densely populated country of 114 million people.
Live Corona Quarantine, US Men 'Attend' Her Daughter's Marriage via Robot

Live Corona Quarantine, US Men 'Attend' Her Daughter's Marriage via Robot


A father was quarantined at a US Navy base in California and could not directly attend his daughter's wedding hundreds of kilometers away in Arizona. But He was present through ' robot TelePresence, ' by directing the robot's movements, greeting guests and watching his daughter dance at the wedding. As more and more people around the world restrict themselves out of the house due to the Corona virus, they also become creative in continuing to take part in the big moments of their lives.

Among the thousands of people trapped on the Grand Princess cruise ship, Joel Young, a contractor technician in the ship's lighting section, was one of those who underwent quarantine due to the corona virus outbreak.

Joel had spent quarantine time in the cramped cabin of the ship playing video games. He hopes to be at his home in Arizona for one thing, to attend his daughter's wedding.

However, he is being quarantined in San Diego.

 "When I called and talked to him and told him that I would not be able to attend his wedding, many tears were flowing, " Joel said.
Twitter bans Corona Virus posting at risk

Twitter bans Corona Virus posting at risk

Social media giant Twitter has imposed new regulations in an effort to tackle misinformation about the corona virus outbreak.

The company said it would require users to delete posts that could make people more likely to contract or transmit the virus.

Examples of prohibited content include tweets that refute expert guidance, or that encourage the public to use fake or ineffective methods of treatment, prevention and diagnostics.